However, as the RES Serbia association explains, the global crisis also affects the wind and solar industry. We therefore go back to the question of “internal disagreements in the state”.
– The price of wind turbines and other equipment has increased dramatically, primarily due to steel. There are problems in the supply chain and transport on certain European routes. This all affects the dynamics, so today it’s a real art contracting the purchase of wind turbines. Due to all this, we need to solve the international disagreements in the state and put the process back into motion
, so as to not get to the point where we want to, wish to, have the money and the permit, but practically have nothing to build – Isailovic warns.
Prosumers – a secure source of electrical energy
Unlike other fields, the regulation on prosumers, purchasers-producers of electrical energy is fully rounded, the RES Serbia association believes. They say that several prosumers are listed in the register, and a large number of projects are being prepared or are under construction.
– That is an excellent concept which enables a secure source of electrical energy to the economy and the citizens, without fear of an electricity price increase, which is sure to happen. I believe that there are tens of megawatts for prosumers under construction. By the way, I do believe that there are certain problems with the implementation of the regulation. Certain companies have complained of a slowness in procedures and of the unharmonized practice of local self-governments. We believe that, after the initial adaptation period, things will start functioning flawlessly in practice – says the manager of RES Serbia, Danijela Isailovic.
What is the solution?
Still, the goal that Minister Zorana Mihajlovic set a year ago, that Serbia would produce a minimum of 40% of its electrical and heating energies from renewable sources, is still current.
– Considering that, in 2020, according to Eurostat, we had 26.3%, the percentage of 40% for 2040 is not unrealistic. I would like to know the goal for 2030, because that number shows the relation toward the current projects under development. If all the projects under development were realized, we would have 140%
– Isailovic says.
Despite the obstacles which, our interviewees agree, are there, a positive outcome is not impossible.
– Obstacles exist only at those and only those who don’t want for things in Serbian energy to change
and are tied to individual or group interests, or a lack of awareness of the direction in which the world is going in the 21st century and that the development of energy and environmental protection are inextricably tied. By the end of the year, other bylaws will be adopted, which will enable the full implementation of the Law on the Use of RES. With a modern legal framework and with the setting of clear goals, on which we are working through the preparation of the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan Until 2030, with Projections Until 2050 and the new Strategy for the Development of Energy Until 2040, with Projections Until 2050, we will have all the conditions to accelerate the increase of the share of the energy produced from RES, which, along with the increase of energy efficiency, should be the pillar of the energy security of Serbia in the upcoming decades – the ministry notes.
Adoption of five decrees by the end of the year
By the end of the year, the other bylaws which will enable the full implementation of the Law on the Use of RES will be adopted, the ministry notes. These are:
– The Decree on Taking On Balance Responsibility and the Criteria for Determining the Liquidity of the Organized Intraday Market with a Model of the Agreement on Taking On Balance Responsibility;
– The Decree on a Model of the Agreement on the Feed-In Tariff;
– The Decree on the Producer of Electrical Energy from Renewable Energy Sources and an Origin Guarantee;
– The Decree on the Compensation for the Incentive for Preferred Producers;
– The Decree on Incentive Measures for Reaching the Share of Renewable Energy Sources in Traffic.
The RES Serbia association has a much more concrete position when it comes to the source of the problems. According to them, the collapse happened due to the hyperproduction of projects
and that’s where the solution needs to be sought.
– In Serbia, there are currently 13 GW worth of wind and solar projects under development. Of course, at least a half of those projects are unrealistic, but EMS is treating all investors equally. Due to such hyperproduction of project, a collapse has happened. If there were a selection of projects (for example, by implementing a banking guarantee per MW for a place on the network), the market would clear, EMS would get breathing space and the system would probably start functioning properly. We recently heard from the Energy Community officials that many European states have had such problems and that there is a way, if there is a will to solve the problem, and that is precisely the implementing of a selection mechanism
. Other challenges lie in the fact that we need new reception capacities on the transfer system and of course the RHPPs Bistrica and Djerdap 3, so that the new RES could be integrated and balanced – Danijela Isailovic concludes.
By the way, the RHPP Bistrica is a step closer to being built – at a session in May, the Government of Serbia adopted the decision on the preparation of the Spatial Plan of the Special Purpose Area of the System of the Reversible Hydro Power Plant Bistrica and the Hydro Power Plant Potpec. According to experts, reversible hydro power plants are important in every electrical energy system and they are especially important for the balancing in the energy system to which wind farms are connected.Marija Dedic