Countries from the former Yugoslavia offer among the fewest connections to passengers travelling by air, both direct and indirect, compared to their European counterparts.
According to Airport Council International's (ACI) latest connectivity report for 2019, Bosnia and Herzegovina has the poorest airport connectivity on the continent out of 43 countries, followed closely by Macedonia.
Serbia was second in the former Yugoslavia on the connectivity scale, ranked 28th in Europe, with Croatia in front as the 22nd best connected market on the continent, EX-YU Aviation News
Although Bosnia has the lowest direct connectivity, it is ahead of Macedonia in terms of indirect and hub connectivity, the study shows.
Macedonia itself is ranked 40th. It has seen significant passenger growth over the past decade, however, Wizz Air's dominance and it primarily serving secondary airports impacted on the country's overall ranking.
Spain has the highest level of airport connectivity in Europe, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Turkey.